I decided it’d be handy to be able to send SMTP email from my server in a datacenter. You know, like we’ve done since 1982? Only in modern times it really sucks to do this because of protections against spam, email spoofing, etc. Also I don’t want some giant network mail thing running and creating security headaches, I just want to be able to send mail off-host.
It turned out to be easy on Ubuntu 14.04. I followed this guide which boils down to “configure Postfix to be an Internet site, then make the daemon only listen on the loopback interface”. The other setup that’s important is a PTR record, so reverse DNS works. I think even without that mail should in theory work, but everyone might assume you’re a spammer.
With that setup mail to me @gmail.com worked and I’m sending email like we did back in the 1980s. But it also got classified as spam, and monkey.org was refusing to talk to me at all. The problem turned out to be that postfix was configured to use the hostname “ubuntu”. I fixed it by using the same FQDN as the PTR record (which also resolves to the same IP). Both Gmail and monkey.org will deliver my mail and it shows up as non-spam.
So now we’re up to 1990s email. Still, Gmail complained the mail it got was unencrypted. That was fixed by enabling “smtp_tls_security_level = may”. No idea why that’s not the default; the Postfix docs warn “You also turn on thousands and thousands of lines of OpenSSL library code. Assuming that OpenSSL is written as carefully as Wietse’s own code, every 1000 lines introduce one additional bug into Postfix.”. Which is a bit snide but fair enough given the OpenSSL history.
And now we’re up to 2000s email. Our modern era is much more complicated, with SPF and DKIM and other half-assed DNS based solutions to making email a bit more authenticated, but not really fixing it entirely. Those measures don’t yet seem mandatory, at least for low volume email, so I don’t yet have 2010s email configured.
One thing I left unsolved; the From: address. Mail is showing up as being from “firstname.lastname@example.org”, which is an address you can’t deliver to. I’m OK with that, could fix it by spoofing the email, changing the Postfix from header, and/or adding MX records to enable mail for somebits.com.
(The other option to all this falderall is to give up on SMTP and mailer daemons entirely, just use a proprietary mail API. GMail has something for sending mail based on OAuth, and Amazon has SES.)